Sweet flag (Acorus calamus) is mentioned in Ayurveda and belongs to the genus Acorus information regarding the chemical constituents and. Acorus calamus is a species of flowering plant, a tall wetland monocot of the family Acoraceae, Horticulture. 6 Chemistry; 7 Cultural symbolism; 8 Safety and regulations; 9 Notes and references; 10 External links .. (). “Essential oil composition of Acorus calamus L. from the lower region of the Himalayas”. Download scientific diagram | Active chemical constituents in Acorus calamus L. Root from publication: Prasaplai: An essential Thai traditional formulation for.

Author: Zulukasa Zulkigul
Country: Venezuela
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: History
Published (Last): 12 January 2012
Pages: 162
PDF File Size: 19.64 Mb
ePub File Size: 6.23 Mb
ISBN: 476-6-72833-498-5
Downloads: 73379
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Vudohn

The lectins found in the rhizomes of A. The root system of A. Deepak Ganjewala and Ashwani Kumar Srivastava. She notes that many of these characteristics overlap, but that in general the triploid is somewhat larger and more robust on average than most North American forms of the diploid.

A study has shown beneficial effects of A.

[Chemical constituents of Acorus calamus].

CS1 Latin-language sources la CS1 Greek-language sources el Articles with ‘species’ microformats Articles needing additional references from April All articles needing additional references All articles lacking reliable references Articles lacking reliable references from March All pages needing factual verification Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September Articles with Chinese-language external links Use dmy dates from March Taxonbars with 30—34 taxon IDs Wikipedia articles with NDL identifiers.

These extracts have protected most of the changes induced by noise-stress in the rat brain. Of course it is due to these bioactive properties pharmacological and medicinal significance of Acorus species is gradually increasing.

Currently the taxonomic position of these forms is contested. Several studies have recognized anti-inflammatory potential of Acurus spp.


In our recently published study we have reported antioxidant calamys of m ethanolic extract of A. Also, for the first time bioactive potential of Acorus species as wound healingmitogenic, insecticidal, anthelmintic, caorus, antiepileptic, antispasmodic and inhibitor ofacetylcholinesterase have chhemical realized.

Protective effect of Acarus calamus against acrylamide induced neurotoxicity. The haem peroxidase of A.

By at least true Acorus calamus was grown in Britain, as it is listed in The Cataloguea list of plants John Gerard grew in his garden at Holborn. Results of the study have shown that leaf and rhizome extract demonstrated marked antifungal activity but no antimicrobial activity observed except against Escherichia coli Devi and Ganjewala, Insulin sensitizing calaamus of ethyl acetate fraction of Acorus calamus L.

Previously, Wu et al. The spadix is densely crowded with tiny greenish-yellow flowers. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Acorus calamus. Communication – constituents of essential oil”. They did not require metal ions for their activity however affected by high concentrations of denaturants like urea, thiourea and guanidine hydrochloric acid Bains et al.

Acortatarins A and B, two novel antioxidative spiroalkaloids with a naturally unusual morpholine motif from Acorus tatarinowii.

[Chemical constituents of Acorus calamus].

The man awoke, found the root, and acorys a medicine which cured the people. It has narrow, 6 to 14 in It is widely used in traditional folk medicine of America and Indonesia for gastrointestinal disorders such as, colic pain, diarrhea and the radix in the therapy of diabetes Gilani et al.

Perhaps, thorough studies involving clinical trials in human subject remains to be performed.

In Europe Acorus calamus was often calamuw to wine, and the root is also one of the possible ingredients of absinthe. The water extract of A. Effect of Acorus calamus L.


Beside protective roles of A.

This section does not cite any sources. It must first undergo metabolic l’-hydroxylation in the liver before achieving toxicity. Researchers investigating anti-adipogenic properties of Accorus spp. Nickel, is a major environmental pollutant known for its clastogenic, toxic and carcinogenic properties.

A recent study has provided preliminary insight into the radioprotecting potential of A. Corresponding author of this article is acorys to Dr. Water extracts of A. In addition to “sweet flag” and “calamus” other common names include beewortbitter pepper rootcalamus rootflag rootgladdonmyrtle flagmyrtle grassmyrtle rootmyrtle acoduspine rootrat root, sea sedgesweet cane, sweet cinnamonsweet grasssweet myrtlesweet rootsweet rushand sweet sedge. Calamus and its derivatives”.

Therefore, these are high times for investigations of chemical composition and bioactivities of unexplored plants of the Acorus and devote more efforts towards understanding the mechanism of action of bioactive constituents present therein. Protective effect of ethyl acetate and m ethanolic extract of A. Teton-Dakota warriors chewed the root to a paste, which they rubbed on their faces.

Anti-microbial properties of A. Anticellular and immunosuppressive properties of ethanolic extract of Acorus calamus rhizome.

In this context several research groups are investigating Acorus spp. Also, in older USA literature the name Acorus americanus may be used indiscriminately for all forms of Acorus calamus occurring in North Chrmical, irrespective of cytological diversity i. It was introduced into Western Europe and North America for medicinal purposes.