The investigations in Pteridophytes probably of most interest and importance ing of apogamy and apospory, it is important to define these terms at the outset. Some of the most important characters of Pteridophytes are as follows: Apogamy and Apospory: Sometimes deviation in the regular alternation if generations. Apogamy, apospory and parthenogenesis in the Pteridophytes II Steil, W.N.. Bot Rev: This is a supplement to the review which appeared in Bot.

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In botanyapomixis was defined by Hans Winkler as replacement of the normal sexual reproduction by asexual reproductionwithout fertilization.

For androgenetic alopecia, see Pattern hair loss. Not to be confused with automixis or autogamy. The culture of bryophytes including apogamy, apospory, partenogenesis and protoplasts. Answer Now and help others. Gametophytic apomixis in flowering plants develops in several different ways.

Apogamy, apospory and parthenogenesis in the Pteridophytes II

Recent Advances and Remaining Conundrums”. Leaves with petiole, excised from aseptically raised plants from excised cultured buds, also exhibited apospory, while no success was achieved with the excised leaves of the parent plantS. Sign in via your Institution Sign in. In vitro production of apogamy and apospory in bryophytes and their significance. The cause of apogamy include ageing of the prothallus, failure of sex organ formation and normal oteridophytes, prothallus growing under bright light and high temperature etc.

In vitro production apogamy and apospory in bryophytes and their significance.

Textbook of botany Strasburger’s textbook of botany, rewritten. The spospory biology of plants. Maheshwari [8] used the following simple classification of types of apomixis in flowering plants:. The pgeridophytes actually have discovered the effectiveness of mass production long before Mr Henry Ford applied it to the aposporg of the automobile. Plant Cell Reports 25 Apospory and apogamy in a species of Tectaria. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 62 4: Occurrence of apogamy and apospory from the capsules of Funaria hygrometrica Hedw.


Ann Botany 3 1: Bot Gaz 3: In some genera, it is possible to identify and name hundreds or even thousands of microspecies, which may be grouped together as species aggregatestypically listed in floras with the convention ” Genus species agg.

The possible significance of all the results is discussed. Rhizome segments of various length were cultured on media containing different concentrations of sucrose. Leaves may be microphyllous e. In some cases sporophylls for compact structures called ln or strobili e.

Here’s how it works: Apomixis occurs in at least 33 families of flowering plants, and has evolved multiple times from sexual relatives. The life cycle is diplohaplontic which shows heteromorphic type of alternation of generations. Apogamy is the development of an unusual haploid sporophyte from the gametophyte without the fusion of gametes. German speakers might prefer to consult Rutishauser Apospory was induced on the sexual cotyledonary and juvenile sporeling leaveS.

Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic. For similar processes in animals and Oomycetes, see Parthenogenesis. The University of Chicago press.

In plants with both apomictic and meiotic embryology, the proportion of the different types can differ at different times of year, [11] and photoperiod can also change the proportion. Structure and Reproduction Replication Cycle.


Agamospermy, asexual reproduction through seeds, occurs in flowering plants through many different mechanisms [5] and a simple hierarchical classification of the different types is not possible.

Apomictically produced offspring are genetically identical to the parent plant. Close mobile search navigation Article navigation. Apogamy, apospory and parthenogenesis in the Pteridophytes II. The development of sporangia may be eusporangiate from a group of cells, e.

Sometimes deviation in the regular alternation if generations are noticed in the form of apogamy and apospory.

13 Important Characters of Pteridophytes – Explained!

Azolla, Selaginella but a few are perennial woody tree fern e. Efficient induction of apospory and apogamy in vitro in silver fern Pityrogramma calomelanos L. The sporophytes of plants of these ptdridophytes may also have the ability to form a plant that looks like a gametophyte but with the ploidy level of the sporophyte, a phenomenon known as apospory.

This page was last edited on 8 Decemberat Marine Biology Berlin 18 4: Phloem consists of sieve cells only. Selaginella, Equisetum, Aoospory etc.

13 Important Characters of Pteridophytes – Explained!

Most users should sign in with their email address. As Jens Clausen put it [4]: The culture of bryophytes including apogamy apospory parthenogenesis and protoplasts. iin

International Botanical Congress Abstracts In some plant familiesgenera with apomixis are quite common, for example in AsteraceaePoaceaeand Rosaceae.