Bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) hold great promise for sustainable production of energy and chemicals. This review addresses the factors that are essential. performance for practical applications. T.H.; Ter Heijne, A.; Buisman, C.J.; Hamelers, H.V. Bioelectrochemical systems: An outlook for. Examples of such ‘bioelectrochemical systems’ (BES) are microbial fuel cells examines the use of BES to treat wastewater and generate electricity . For practical reasons, the hydrogen gas has been captured in plastic tubes .. The outlook.

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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Bioelectrochemical technologies are emerging as innovative solutions for waste treatment, offering flexible platforms for both oxidation and reduction reaction processes.

You could not be signed in. Unless the counter reaction progresses to the same extent as the fuel production half-reaction, a bioelecttrochemical imbalance will occur and halt the reaction.

Bioelectrochemical Systems, Energy Production and Electrosynthesis

It gives an indication of the amount of biodegradable organic matter dissolved into the wastewater; COD: In addition, during the first steps of implementation of this technology in dWWTP, MECs could also make use of the existing concrete structures of the aerobic basins expensive to buildwhich would undoubtedly help to further reduce the capital cost.

Showing of 2 references. Accelerated azo dye removal by biocathode formation in single-chamber biocatalyzed electrolysis systems. There is also a need to build a bridge between the existing routes of biocatalytic pathways for chemical production to reagents and reducing equivalents that enter the cells from extracellular environment via biologically mediated electroactive structures.

Research in understanding and catalyzing the oxidation half-reaction is therefore equally important. The challenges and perspectives for scale-up were discussed.


These studies corroborated the results obtained at lab scale: A technological strategy to improve the process monitoring and control based on big data platforms is also presented. Evaluation of energy-conversion efficiencies in microbial fuel cells MFCs utilizing fermentable and non-fermentable substrates. Domestic wastewater dWW often consist of a complex mixture of organics that must be removed before discharge into the environment.

Login Register Login using. In situ microbial fuel cell-based biosensor for organic carbon. Hydrogen Energy 32, — Hydrogen production from glycerol in a membraneless microbial electrolysis cell.

The performance of MECs necessary for practical application has been demonstrated at the laboratory scale [ 5 ], although long vioelectrochemical performance results have not been forthcoming yet.

Further information about the underlying principles of the BES, the microbial communities involved and the mechanisms of electron transfer can be found elsewhere Rabaey, Agri and Aquaculture Journals Dr. Accelerated reduction of chlorinated nitroaromatic antibiotic chloramphenicol by biocathode. All of the processes and products described above highlight an important feature that BESs share with other biochemical systems, namely their ability to convert negative-value waste streams into value added products by using the residual energy content.

Bioelectrochemical Systems, Energy Production and Electrosynthesis | OMICS International

In our opinion, these targets of current density are more appropriate for industrial wastewaters, which usually display higher COD concentrations. Among the several chemicals that may be extracted from wastewaters, hydrogen occupies a preeminent position because of its interesting characteristics as a fuel: Still, the authors claimed that with improved future design energy, neutral or zpplications positive dWW treatment might be possible with this design.

Unravelling biocomplexity of electroactive biofilms for producing hydrogen from biomass Alex J. Hydrogen Energy 34, — Hence, the operating costs of treating wastewater are bound to increase despite the fact that a significant amount of the energy investment can be recovered as biogas from anaerobic digesters.


Using a similar approach as we did for energy consumption in the biological treatment Eq. Power generation in fed-batch microbial fuel cells as a function of ionic strength, temperature, and reactor configuration. Moreover, these and many other studies Lee and Rittmann, ; Gil-Carrera et al. Electrochemically assisted microbial production of hydrogen from acetate.

However, the main difference lies on the cathode side. Statistical Office of the European Communities. The study concludes with a discussion of the future perspectives of MEC technology for dWW treatment.

In fact, under standard conditions, complete oxidation of carbohydrates to CO 2 and H 2 is thermodynamically not possible because a significant amount of volatile fatty acids VFAs and some other organics e. We will be provided with an authorization token please note: BESs can also be used as an alternative method to assess the amount of pollutant organic matter in water Peixoto et al. Typical energy requirements in a conventional domestic wastewater treatment plant. Hydrogen Energy 29, — The goal is to develop biosynthetic microbial catalysts with engineered circuits to produce fuels.

Skip to search form Skip to main content. Rengasamy KarthikeyanK. Towards automated design of bioelectrochemical systems: Undoubtedly, the main competitor of MECs for wastewater treatment is anaerobic digestion ADwith its reduced capital costs that may be 40— times lower compared with BES Rozendal et al. Adsorption mechanism of dichlorvos onto coconut fibre biochar: More recent developments in bioelectrochemical systems BESs suggest that MECs may represent a promising technology for combining wastewater treatment and energy recovery Ditzig et al.