Scientific name, Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera. Taxonomy navigation. Up › Brassica oleracea. Down Terminal (leaf) node. Common name, Brussel sprouts. Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera. Botanical Name: Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera. Common Name(s): Brussels sprouts. Categories: Fruits and Vegetables. Brussels sprout (Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera) as its name suggests, originated in Belgium, probably near Brussels. Although Brussels sprouts were.

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Any surplus stem is cut away, and any loose surface leaves are peeled and discarded. Although boiling reduces the level of sulforaphane, neither steaming, microwave cooking, nor stir frying cause a significant loss.

About Alastair Culham A professional botanist and biologist with an interest in promoting biological knowledge and awareness to all. Provide adequate moisture by giving plants 1 inch of waterper week.

Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera

In Continental Europethe largest producers are the Netherlands, at 82, metric tons, and Germany, at 10, tons. Proudly powered by WordPress. Although native to the Mediterranean region geemmifera other cabbage bemmifera, Brussels sprouts first appeared in northern Europe during the fifth century, later being cultivated in the 13th century near Brussels, from which they derived their name.

Takes much longer to mature, can be planted 4 weeks before frost free date. Sugar Culham Research Group.

The leaves are fleshier and thicker than other Brassica species—an adaptation that helps it store water and nutrients in its difficult growing environment. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Each stalk can produce 1. According to the Triangle of U theory, B. Sprouts are ready to be picked four to five months after transplanting.


Brussels sprout | Groninger | Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera

Archived from the original on September 13, Currently, several thousand acres are planted in coastal areas of San MateoSanta Cruzand Monterey counties of Californiawhich offer an ideal combination of coastal fog and cool temperatures year-round.

Fruits and Vegetables Description: Researchers believe it has been cultivated for several thousand years, but its history as a domesticated plant is not clear before Greek and Roman times, when it was a well-established garden vegetable. From Wikipedia, gemmiera free encyclopedia.

Soil Conditions The plant requires well-drained, medium to heavy clay soils that have been oleradea prepared with large quantities of general fertilizer, manure and compost. The Brussels Sprout is the true plant of Christmas! Many cultivars are available; some are purple in color, such as ‘Ruby Crunch’ or ‘Red Bull’. You can start seeds indoor and transplant outdoors.

Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera – Wikispecies

Tall, upright-growing plants reaching to mm in height. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. To ensure even cooking throughout, buds of a similar size are usually chosen. And yet, the humble radish Raphanus […]. The harvest season lasts from June through January. Once cut and cleaned, the buds are typically cooked by boiling, steaming, stir frying, grilling, slow cookingor roasting. Domestication of Plants in the Old World: This page was last edited on 12 Decemberat Brassica oleracea Plants described in One of these is the complex sugar raffinose which therefore passes unchanged from the small to the large intestine.


Harvest Time Harvest sprouts they are about two inches in diameter. View December 24, Retrieved from ” https: View December 23, Retrieved 19 November Retrieved from ” https: In addition, lleracea find detailed information about integrated pest management, pesticide safety, and pesticide application and calibration techniques.

The sprouts oleravea borne along the stem. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. The Brussels sprout has long been popular in BrusselsBelgium, and may have gained its name there. Consuming Brussels sprouts in excess may not be suitable for patients taking anticoagulantssuch as warfarinsince they contain vitamin K, a blood-clotting factor. Sow every four weeks to prolong the harvest.

The British have a strange love-hate relationship with the Brussels sprout, purchasing million of them during the week oleracex Christmas and then boiling them to an inedible mush! From there it took about 50 years for the crop to spread to France and Britain. Harvest Sprouts are ready to be picked four to five months after transplanting. Some cooks make a single cut or a cross in the center of the stem to aid the penetration of heat.

List of cabbage dishes. Articles with ‘species’ microformats Articles needing additional references from August All articles needing additional references. Search Our Plant Directory Search for: The Medical Journal of Australia.