JURNAL HETEROSIS PDF

Heterosis breeding is used to improve yield quantity and quality of Tomato ( Solanum Exploitation of hybrid vigor in Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) is economical and easy International Journal of Vegetable Science. study. Yield and leaf area showed highly significant heterosis in F1 hybrids ranging from to % and .. Harayana Agricultural University Journal of. Seven F1 wheat hybrids were tested at two different spacings of the plants within the rows. Although some crosses exhibited heterosis none yielded significantly.

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Negative heterosis for Hegerosis and DFR indicate reduced number of days to flourishing and fruiting, with the early genotypes acting as the most appealing for producers Blat et al. Negative heterosis values resulted in reduction in height, time for flourishing and fruiting, as well as fruit diameter and length, which are desirable for ornamental Capsicum breeding program.

In addition, in this regard, the authors recommend hybridization as a strategy for obtaining ornamental chili peppers.

In general, these results indicated predominance of GCA hfterosis in relation to SCA ones, which means predominance of additive effects on height characteristic before and afterwards fruiting ; days to flourishing; fruit length and diameter, and number of fruits per plant.

Seedling production, transplanting period and cultural treatments were the same adopted for plant cultivation in the hybridization period.

Kirana, R and E.

Heterosis Dan Heterobeltiosis Pada Persilangan 5 Genotip Cabai Dengan Metode Dialil

Evaluation of growth and yield performance on inoculated chili pepper hybrids by cucumber mosaic virus. However, these authors observed that additive effects were predominant for plant height.

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Fifteen hybrids were obtained from diallel crosses of six genotypes of C. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.

Female parent floral buds were emasculated in the morning before heterois using tweezers.

Heterosis Dan Heterobeltiosis Pada Persilangan 5 Genotip Cabai Dengan Metode Dialil – Neliti

Retrieved from website Ditjen Horti. Food and Agriculture Organization. Diallel analysis for yield and yield attributing traits in Capsicum Capsicum annuum L. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution Keywords Capsicum annuum L. Five genotypes of randomly selected peppers were intercrossed in diallel mating design in the Screen House of Indonesian Vegetable Research Institute on September The following fruit characteristics were evaluated: To the expansion and valorization of this market segment, new products are required to supply the demand and attract potential supporters of the ornamental plant consumption.

Heterosis studies in chillies Capsicum annuum L.

These authors also reported the importance of small-sized fruits and in large quantity per plant, providing greater attractiveness for chili pepper plants. Number jurna days to flourishing DFL was computed counting from sowing to the moment in which at least half of the plants were with a minimum of one open flower.

Scientia Horticulturae,47— Aiming to develop new cultivars for ornamental chili pepper market, and considering a chili pepper ideotype proposed, which consists in small-sized plants up to 30 cmprecocious in days to flourishing and fruiting, and in high number of fruits per plant, the following hybrids could be recommended: Testing methods for producing self-pollinated fruits in ornamental neterosis.

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Heterosis and combining ability for ornamental chili pepper

View original from ejurnal. Positive heterosis for plant height range from 1. This study discloses results of combining ability of Capsicum annuum accessions and identifies superior hybrid combinations that are potentially useful as new cultivars of ornamental chili pepper.

Annals of Agri-Bio Reserch Combining ability and heritability analysis for yield and yield contributing characters in chilli Capsicum annuum landraces. Heterosis and heterobeltiosis evaluation were conducted in a field experiment at Indonesian Vegetable Research Institute from March until October using a randomized block design, replicated 3 times.

Agronomika, 10 11— Capsicum annuum; ornamental breeding; ideotype; diallel analysis. Crossings were managed by sampling newly opened floral buds of each male parent for pollen withdrawal. Therefore, there is a possibility of hybrid exploitation as well as development of superior lineages from the progress of segregating generations.

Evaluation of genitors and hybrids The experiment was conducted from March to September under the same greenhouse conditions used for the F 1 hybrids obtainment in a completely randomized block design, with ten replications and one plant per plot. It is important to highlight that the genitors used in this diallel were indicated based on their agronomic performance and genetic divergence, according to Silva et al.

Article Tools Print this article. Evaluasi daya gabung dan heterosis lima galur jagung manis Zea mays var.