Macrobrachium nipponense is a species of freshwater shrimp found in Asia that was first described in References[edit]. ^ Charles Fransen (). This study includes an experimental hatchery design for the prawn Macrobrachium nipponense from the brackish water of Basrah region (Al- Mashab Marsh). Experimental hatchery designed for the prawn Macrobrachium nipponense in Marine science center, Basrah, Iraq تصميم مفقس تجريبي للروبيان.

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Eleven distinct larval stages. Males and females have different growth rates and males exhibit heterogenous individual growth HIG ; these are vitally important factors in grow-out management. Although reared in captivity from time immemorial, modern farming of this species originated in the early s when FAO expert Shao-Wen Ling, working in Malaysia, found that freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii larvae required brackish conditions for survival.

The type and behaviour of the males affects the growth rates of other prawns.

It is particularly well-suited to small long-term family businesses, can be practised by relatively unskilled fishing and rural people, generates products which may be consumed by all social classes, and is amenable to integration with crop production. However, the results of the second period for the njpponense groups were: Eyes stalked, except in first larval stage.

In the first period, the results indicated that group one 0.

Furthermore, fewer poor quality products enter the international markets now that the technique for avoiding “mushiness” has become well-known. Swimmerets of sixth abdominal somite stiff and hard and, with the median telson, serve as the tailfan. Since then, giant river prawn culture has developed in every continent, particularly in Asia and the Americas.


Depending on results the total area of the earthen pond and the fiberglass tank, the potential production of Zoea larvae were estimated to be between 36,, larvae, and between 21,, Postlarvae. Keywords Selenium toxicity Moult Macrobrachium nipponense shrimp. Gravid females migrate downstream into estuaries, where eggs hatch as free-swimming larvae in brackishwater.

Larvae mostly consume zooplankton mainly minute crustaceansvery small worms, and larval stages of other crustaceans. The transition from rapidly growing OC to the slowly growing BC morphotype follows a “leapfrog” growth pattern. This species lives in tropical freshwater environments influenced by adjacent brackishwater areas.

But the results macrobrachiym group five were 3. Both domestic and international markets exist and are expanding. Blackwell Science, Oxford, England. The first major FAO project designed to expand the culture of this species began in in Thailand. Body usually greenish to brownish grey, sometimes more bluish, darker in larger specimens.

Iraqi Journal of Aquaculture

Antennae often blue; chelipeds blue or orange. To a lesser extent, this also occurs in the USA mainly for consumption by Asians or in restaurants serving Asian food and Japan. The production capacity was 53, Zoea larvae, 32, Postlarvae. Larvae swim actively tail first, ventral side uppermost.

The site is not able to function properly without the browser having JavaScript enabled. Further global expansion is difficult to predict, since it depends mainly on the volume of consumer demand. As a conclusion of the observed results this prawn seems to be a pelagic feeding species. While production of the out ponds cage two in mud and fiberglass ponds were estimated between 4, larvae and 2, Postlarvae.


Macrobrachium rosenbergii De Man, [Palaemonidae]. Edited and compiled by Valerio Crespi and Michael New.

Iraq Academic Scientific Journals

It is often found in extremely turbid conditions. This hatchery consist of five parts: The distribution of these age-groups determined at different parts macdobrachium the tank.

The culture of Macrobrachium spp.

Second chelipeds bear numerous spinules; robust; slender; may be excessively long; mobile finger covered with dense, though rather short pubescence. Viet Nam is a significant producer and exporter of farmed Macrobrachiumalthough its output is masked by being included in the statistical category ‘freshwater prawns, shrimps nei’. Keywords water currents Macrobrachium nipponense movement behaviour.

Productivity is generally lower, management is less labour intensive, and the potential for the abuse or waste of resources is minimal, and macribrachium the inland culture of marine shrimp the grow-out of Macrobrachium does not make agricultural land saline.