Request PDF on ResearchGate | Database as Symbolic Form | After the novel, and Lev Manovich at University of California, San Diego. Manovich, “Database as Symbolic Form”. [Note: Numbers in square brackets refer to paragraphs.] Introduction []. Database (def.): a structured collection of . The Database Logic After the novel and subsequently, cinema privileged narrative as Why does new media favor database form over others? Lev Manovich.

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The open nature of the Web as medium means that the Web sites never have to be complete; and they rarely are. Only rare sites featured the original content. Manovich claims that “we want new media narratives, and we want these narratives to be different from the narratives we saw or read before”. The user experience of such computerized collections is therefore quite distinct from reading a narrative or watching a film or navigating an architectural site. One exception is Greenaway himself.

A program manovihc in data, executes an algorithm, and dataabase out new data. Of course watching Man with a Movie Camera is anything but a banal experience.

Database as Symbolic Form – Semantic Scholar

The overall structure of the film is quite complex, and on the first glance has little to do with a database. Cinematic and literary narrative, the architectural layout, and the database “each present a different model of what a world is like. The design of any new media object begins with assembling a database of possible elements to be used. Manovixh computer games do not follow sy,bolic logic, they appear to be ruled by another logic — that of an algorithm. Both have existed long before modern media.


For instance, all nouns form a set; all synonyms of dayabase particular word form another set. Throughout the production process, artists and designers manipulate each layer separately; they also delete layers and add new ones. Both have existed long before modern media.

This is another example of how new media makes explicit the psychological processes involved in cultural communication. Along with numbers, Greenaway introduces another line of development. But if we focus on the film within the film i.

Manovich – database as symbolic form

Datbase the novel, and subsequently cinema privileged narrative as the key form of cultural expression of the modern age, the computer age introduces its correlate — database. It is as easy to add new elements to the end of list as it is to insert them anywhere in it.

Each projection is slightly different in color. In contrast, a narrarive creates a cause-and-effect trajectory of seemingly unordered items events. An interface which offers only a single path through the database results in a traditional narrative.

Computer games, for instance, are experienced by their players as narratives. Narrative is more or less explicit, like syntagmatic, whereas database is implicit, like a paradigm. To clarify the distinction between database and narrative it’s important to state what we mean by “narrative”.


All this further contributes to the anti-narrative logic of the Web. The more complex the data structure of a computer program, the simpler the algorithm needs to be, and vice versa. The psychological processes of filling-in, hypothesis forming, recall and identification — which are required for us to comprehend any text or image at all — are erroneously equated with manoviich objectively existing structure of interactive links.

Cinema replaced all other modes of fork with a sequential narrative, an assembly line of shots which appear on the screen one at a time.

Another early computer artist Manfred Mohr produced numerous images which recorded various transformations of a basic cube. Some media objects explicitly follow database logic in their structure while others do not; but behind the surface practically all of them are databases. In parallel, a Renaissance of montage took place in visual culture, in print, broadcast design and new media.

LewisOscar Westlund Like a kind of scholar he is able to gather empirical observations in one place and then in another. Instead we should talk about different degrees of virtuality. Not all new media objects are organized explicitly as databases, e.